Eye plastic surgery: types of operations, prices, contraindications, restoration

Blepharoplasty, also known as eye plastic surgery, is one of the cheapest and easiest operations in cosmetic surgery. At the same time, this intervention can smooth out the most expressive signs of aging - bumps and swelling in the eyelid area. During the operation, which also lasts no more than an hour and a half, the fat hernias are carefully removed, which we usually call "bags" under the eyes, the excess skin is removed and the problem of bruises under the eyes is deleted. And if before the operation the patient was still looking at the world "beneath the eyebrows" under the weight of the swelling of the upper and lower eyelids, then on the way out his gaze becomes open, youthful "upturned" and fresh.

Limited eye plastic surgery

And contrary to popular skepticism, the natural shape of the eyes after blepharoplasty doesn't change, they don't artificially elongate, as, for example, in Jocelyn Wildenstein. To achieve this result, it is necessary to at least exceed the "limit" of plastic surgeries for one person, and there should not be more than four of them. It is not known how many of them Jocelyn had, but she clearly went far beyond the limits of what was allowed.

In general, plastic surgeons say that during the operation, the eyes are literally elongated by 1-2 mm - these changes, as a rule, are not even noticed by the patients themselves. But if they are constantly pulled and increased in size by 1 cm, then they will inevitably start to reveal all the secrets so assiduously hidden.

But at the same time, experts immediately emphasize that the effect of eye plastic surgery lasts only 5-7 years. Therefore, the majority of patients here are people over the age of 35 with visible age-related deformities that cause significant discomfort to a person.

Another important point: blepharoplasty does not smooth out wrinkles at the corners of the eyes, also called "crow's feet". For these purposes, there are now several injections - from botulinum toxin to more natural vitamin cocktails based on hyaluronic acid. Today it is the easiest, fastest and painless way to get rid of fine wrinkles, not only around the eyes, but also on the forehead, in the region of the nasolabial fold, between the eyebrows.

Age-related changes are not the only indication for plastic eye surgery

before and after eye surgery

However, age as an indication for blepharoplasty is a very relative criterion, since young people often resort to plastic surgeons who need eye plastic surgery due to premature signs of aging in this area. The premature aging of this area in them may be due to the following reasons:

  • genetic predisposition to rapid aging or the formation of "bags" under the eyes;
  • liver and kidney disease;
  • "Unhealthy" lifestyle: eating very salty foods, alcohol, smoking;
  • harmful cosmetic habits such as stretching the skin when applying creams, the habit of not washing makeup, lack of proper cosmetic care.

If the young patient does not need to remove excess skin, the surgeon will prefer modern eye plastic surgery techniques - transconjunctival blepharoplasty. This technique is the most traumatic and doesn't even require stitches. The only thing, in this way, you can remove only fat deposits (pockets under the eyes) on the upper and lower eyelids, without excising other tissues.

To perform the manipulations, the plastic surgeon twists the eyelid, makes a millimeter puncture on its inner face, called the conjunctiva, and removes fatty hernias through it, which give rise to the formation of bags under the eyes. The puncture located in the mucous membrane is tightened immediately after the operation without any further intervention, as the tissues here regenerate especially quickly. Usually, after such an operation, the patient is sent to discharge 1 to 1, 5 hours after the intervention.

Indications for eye plastic surgery

  • fatty hernias in the upper and/or lower eyelid area;
  • "Bruising" under the eyes;
  • edema in the periorbital region;
  • upper eyelid ptosis;
  • wrinkles and excess skin around the eyes;
  • asymmetry of the eyes (shape and cut);
  • a single fold in the upper eyelid area (typical for Asian-looking people)

Eye Plastic Surgery Methods

In modern plastic surgery, there are two main methods for performing blepharoplasty:

  • Laser- cuts are made with a laser beam;
  • Surgical- the "access" is opened with a scalpel.

Types of plastic surgery operations for eye correction

All interventions in plastic surgery on the eyes last a maximum of one and a half hours. They are performed under general anesthesia (desirable for circular blepharoplasty) or under local anesthesia based on adrenaline and lidocaine 1-2 solutions. Two hours after the operation, the patient must be in the clinic to rule out complications.

The sutures after ocular plastic surgery are removed in 3-4 days - in the case of classic blepharoplasty, if the operation was performed transconjunctivally, they do not overlap.

After blepharoplasty, bruises and some swelling may persist around the eyes for 1 to 2 weeks. In general, this is a normal phenomenon - you just have to wait.

Upper eyelid plastic surgery

Presumes eye correction in the upper eyelid area. As a result, the "heavy" bump is removed, excess skin is removed. For the manipulations, the plastic surgeon makes an incision in the region of the natural crease located in the upper eyelid area, after which removes the excess of the skin flap and, having opened access to the adipose tissue, also removes them. The incision is sutured here with an inner seam and finer special threads. As a result, within 1-2 months, the scar becomes completely invisible, even to the patient himself.

Lower eyelid plastic surgery and elimination of bruises and bags under the eyes

With lower eyelid blepharoplasty, an incision is made 1-2 millimeters below the lash line. During the operation, the surgeon first cuts off some of the excess skin, then opens and removes tissue from the fatty sacs, which are the fatty hernias. Inferior blepharoplasty, on the other hand, also sometimes does not eliminate the fat deposits, but rather supplements it slightly, distributing them evenly over the "lower" zone.

Then, internal seams are applied which, as in the first case, after about 1-2 months disappear completely and become completely invisible.

Circular Blepharoplasty

This is a simultaneous correction of the lower and upper eyelids.

Eye Incision Plastic Surgery

before and after eye surgery

This eye cosmetic surgery technique is most sought after by Asian-looking people. The intervention, also called canthoplasty, allows transforming a single upper eyelid crease, characteristic of the Asian population, into a double crease, similar to the one we have.

During the plastic surgery operation of the eye incision, the epicanthus (the characteristic bulge of the skin fold in the inner corner of the eye) is eliminated with the simultaneous formation of a double crescent-shaped fold. Excess fat deposits around the eyes are also removed.

But the Asian appearance is not the only indication for eye plastic surgery, that is, in addition to correcting the upper eyelid crease. With this intervention, you can correct the shape of the eyes, their incision, tighten their recessed outer corners. Canthoplasty is no more traumatic than other types of blepharoplasty.

Recovery period after plastic eye surgery

On average, the recovery period takes 2 to 6 weeks. Non-smoking people who strictly follow all the surgeon's postoperative recommendations can count on the minimum time:

  1. for 7 to 10 days, the patient must wear sunglasses;
  2. for about 10-14 days, you need to stop wearing contact lenses and start wearing glasses;
  3. avoid physical effort, sudden movements, bending, this can cause seams to break;
  4. at least for a month you need to give up cosmetic procedures;
  5. makeup is only allowed 10 days after the operation.

Contraindications for ocular plastic surgery

  • cardiovascular diseases;
  • colds and infectious diseases;
  • oncology;
  • diabetes;
  • Respiratory failure;
  • liver and kidney disease;
  • chronic diseases in the acute phase;
  • thyroid disease;
  • Mental Disorders, Mental Disorder;
  • violation of blood clotting;
  • pregnancy and lactation

To identify the factors that prevent eye plastic surgery, the following tests are performed:

  • general blood analysis;
  • blood for coagulogram;
  • blood chemistry;
  • the cardiologist's conclusion based on the ECG;
  • conclusion of the endocrinologist;
  • ultrasound of abdominal organs;
  • HIV blood test;
  • visiting a psychologist.

Eye Plastic Surgery Price

In recent years, plastic surgery prices have fallen sharply. This is mainly due to the technologization of this area, but not in any way due to the decrease in the quality of the services provided. Previously, plastic surgeons operated mostly with just a scalpel and using outdated techniques, making wide, deep incisions that left very noticeable scars. Today, instead of these techniques, there are more accessible high-tech techniques that allow you to perform any surgical intervention quickly and minimally. Due to this, the price of plastic surgery has become more affordable for the common citizen.